What kind of shops were in the YOEMP studies?

Yale Occupational and Environmental Medicine Program (YOEMP) has conducted several studies in autobody shops over the past ten years. Below are some characteristics of the shops which participated in the SPRAY and SMASH studies.

37 Shops in the SPRAY Study:

Average
Median
Range
Cars/month*
45
30
8-160
Annual income* ($)
788,225
500,000
100,000-3,500,000
Number of full-time non-office employees* (FTEs)
5.4
5.0
1 - 20
Size (sq.ft.)
5,580
4,800
1500-30,000
Age of business* (years)
26
21
1 month to 70 yrs
Years with same owner*
17
15
1 month - 53 yrs
No. of different shops each employee has worked in over the last 10 years#
2
1-6
Total clearcoat usage per month (gallons)*
4.6
4.0
1-17
Clearcoat Usage Factor (gallons per car)
0.12
0.10
0.04-0.43
Hustle Factor (cars/month/FTE)
8.4
7.4
2.7-25
Crowding Factor (FTE/1000 ft2)
1.1
1.0
0.2 - 3.3

* As reported by owner. # Work history forms collected by interview from individual workers. Employment of <3 months duration not counted.



14 Shops in the SMASH Study:

N
Average
Median
Range
Cars/month*
13
58.9
42.0
11-160
Annual income* ($)
5
685,000
500,000
250,000-1,500,000
Number of full-time non-office employees* (FTEs)
14
6.4
7.0
1-10
Size (sq.ft.)
13
14,223
8,000
2,400-74,700
Age of business* (years)
14
33.2
33.50
1-71
Total clearcoat usage per month (gallons)*
13
7.9
6.8
0.8-26.0
Clearcoat Usage Factor (gallons per car)
12
0.23
0.08
0.04-1.44
Hustle Factor (cars/month/FTE)
13
9.3
7.4
3.6-26.7
Crowding Factor (FTE/1000 ft2)
13
0.8
0.9
0.05-1.48

* As reported by owner.