Autobody Hazards by Task

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Task

Hazard

Route of Exposure

Potential Health effect/toxicity

PPE and Controls to Use

Removal of damage, cutting

Fumes may contain lead, chromium, other metals

Inhalation

Respiratory irritation, others depending on nature of cut material

Welding shield, cartridge HEPA, only apply torch to clean metal surfaces

Frame straightening

No chemical/
dust hazard

Welding

Fumes may contain lead, chromium other metals

Inhalation

Respiratory irritation, others depending on nature of cut material

Welding shield, cartridge HEPA, only weld on clean bare metal surfaces

Grinding

Dust

Inhalation

Respiratory irritation, others depending on nature of material

Cartridge HEPA

Reassembly

No chemical/
dust hazard

Bondo/filler applying

Styrene, solvents

Inhalation, skin contact

Respiratory irritation, cancer

Gloves (PVA & polyethylene)

Bondo/filler sanding

Polyester, polystyrene dusts

Inhalation

Respiratory irritation

Cartridge HEPA or for short jobs dust mask, mechanical sanding with local exhaust ventilation on tool, gloves

Masking/taping

No chemical/
dust hazard

Mixing primer/sealer

Solvents, isocyanate

Inhalation, skin contact

Respiratory irritation, solvent intoxication, asthma

Cartridge respirator with OV cartridges, ventilated mixing station, nitrile gloves

Sanding new parts or old paint

Paint dust (may contain lead, chromium other metals), plastic dust

Inhalation

Respiratory irritation

Mechanical sanding with local exhaust ventilation on tool, cartridge HEPA or for short jobs dust mask

Priming/sealing

Solvents, isocyanate

Inhalation, skin contact

Respiratory irritation, solvent intoxication, asthma

Use spray booth, supplied air respirator or for small jobs cartridge respirator with OV cartridges and overspray N95 pads,  nitrile gloves

Mixing basecoat (color)

Solvents

Inhalation, skin contact

Respiratory irritation, solvent intoxication

Cartridge respirator with OV cartridges, ventilated mixing station, nitrile gloves

Spraying basecoat

Solvents

Inhalation, skin contact

Respiratory irritation, solvent intoxication

Use spray booth, supplied air respirator or for small jobs cartridge respirator with OV cartridges and overspray N95 pads, nitrile gloves

Mixing Clearcoat

Solvents, isocyanate

Inhalation, skin contact

Respiratory irritation, solvent intoxication, asthma

Cartridge respirator with OV cartridges, ventilated mixing station, nitrile gloves

Spraying clearcoat

Solvents, isocyanate

Inhalation, skin contact

Respiratory irritation, solvent intoxication, asthma

Use spray booth, supplied air respirator or for small jobs cartridge respirator with OV cartridges and overspray N95 pads, nitrile gloves

Gun cleaning

Solvents, isocyanate

Inhalation, skin contact

Respiratory irritation, solvent intoxication, asthma

Cartridge respirator with OV cartridges, enclosed gun cleaner, nitrile gloves

Sanding primer

Dusts

Inhalation, skin contact

Respiratory irritation, solvent intoxication, asthma

Cartridge HEPA, nitrile gloves

Untaping

Isocyanate

Skin contact

Sensitization

Nitrile gloves

Compounding

Isocyanate

Skin contact

Sensitization

Nitrile gloves

Washing, detailing

Isocyanate

Skin contact

Sensitization

Nitrile gloves